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AB: Diversity Leaders Open New Doors for Equity Investors

AB: Diversity Leaders Open New Doors for Equity Investors

Published 07-11-22

Submitted by AllianceBernstein

exterior view of rows of rainbow colored window frames on a white building

By Gayle Baldwin| Senior Research Analyst—Equities and Vivian Lubrano| Portfolio Manager—Equities

More companies are discovering that policies promoting diversity, equity and inclusion (DEI) are good for business. Equity investors who can find these “diversity leaders” will discover a promising source of return potential, especially in businesses that rely on human capital to drive innovation and business performance.

A company’s success increasingly hinges on its capacity to see and meet challenges from different perspectives, and a deep bench of diverse talent often provides an important competitive advantage. Promoting DEI does a lot of good, for employees, the business and investors alike, by creating a more inclusive, productive labor force.

The global workplace identity is steadily changing—across age, gender, sexual orientation and especially race. In the US, for example, 75% of working-age adults identified as white in 2010, according to the US Census Bureau. The number dropped to 64% in 2020 and is expected to fall to about 53% as the next generation reaches adulthood (Display).

Forward-looking companies are embracing these demographic changes. We think those that harness a more diverse population by reshaping their recruiting, culture and employee development will have a clear strategic advantage.

graph of us companies seeing a more diverse labor pool, past, present, and future

Employees Thrive Where Trust Is Strongest

Effective DEI policies rely on a distinct ecosystem of actions and attitudes (Display). Recruiting diverse talent is an obvious starting point. A culture of information sharing, productivity, trust and employee satisfaction is also an essential ingredient. Psychological safety is important, too, fostered through sincere empathy and commitments to reducing workplace bias so people feel they can be themselves. These all orbit alongside innovation, which exponentially builds on itself as trust grows and ideas flow openly within and across teams. At companies where innovation really matters, we believe that DEI can have enormous influence on business success.

Many companies fail to capture the benefits of DEI, despite its proven connection to bottom-line performance. Lack of accountability is a big reason. Even among companies with DEI initiatives, only 26% of senior leaders are tasked with specific DEI goals. Even fewer are focused on reaching DEI targets or applying them to leadership or employee performance evaluations (Display).

six point chart of "the diversity, equity and inclusion ecosystems"

Greater Diversity Linked to Better Profits

Although the pace of adoption is glacial, businesses that have pursued DEI have outperformed their peers. For example, a recent McKinsey report, covering a study of 1,000 large companies in 15 countries, linked gender and ethnic diversity to enhanced financial performance. Companies in the top quartile of executive-level gender diversity were 25% more likely to post above-average profitability than peers in the fourth quartile. Moreover, companies with women in more than 30% of senior roles are significantly more likely to outperform those with fewer in charge.

Ethnic and cultural diversity are just as empowering, according to McKinsey. Companies in the top quartile for ethnic diversity were 36% more profitable than those in the fourth, slightly up from prior years.

The McKinsey and other studies have extensively documented the diversity-to-profitability connection. The direct link between DEI and stock performance is still coming into light, however. Our research suggests that among global companies that report gender diversity metrics, shares of the top 20% outperformed lower scorers by about 4% over three years, with similar results for slightly longer periods (Display).

info graphic of percentages for "Lack of Accountability Slowing Diversity and Inclusion Progress"

Diversity Research Should Be Diverse Too

Finding diversity leaders with outperformance potential requires careful research. It’s rarely obvious if a company’s diversity initiatives are ingenuous, and DEI disclosure and data in general are nascent and somewhat fragmented. That’s why vetting diversity leaders requires a broad mosaic of inputs, from traditional financial reports and quant research to data science analysis of recruiting websites and employee blogs. Glassdoor, for example, aggregates employee sentiment, and companies with higher scores have performed better, our research shows. Used together, these nontraditional data sources combined with fundamental research are much more telling of a company’s commitment and progress around DEI.

We also search for companies aligned with relevant UN Sustainable Development Goals, namely gender equality (#5), decent work/economic growth (#8) and reduced workplace inequalities (#10). Leading home-goods retailer Williams-Sonoma, whose female representation is sector-leading at 63%, and balanced across seniority levels, stands apart in these areas. Another is India-based Infosys, a top IT consulting firm who is working with community colleges to expand access to STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) education.

Bar graph showing Global Leaders in Gender Diversity Have Outperformed over five years

In the post-COVID-19 business world, human capital is more valuable than ever. But it’s a fluid asset that many investors don’t fully appreciate or know how to measure. Most companies know why human capital is so important, but relatively few embrace the idea that DEI provides a critical foundation for success. As more catch on, the growing number of diversity champions will offer selective investors a dual path to improve their potential returns while enhancing workplaces for millions of employees worldwide.

The views expressed herein do not constitute research, investment advice or trade recommendations and do not necessarily represent the views of all AB portfolio-management teams. Views are subject to change over time.

About the Authors

Gayle Baldwin is a Senior Vice President and Senior Research Analyst on the Equities team, responsible for covering US consumer discretionary and healthcare. She also co-chairs AB's Equities ESG Research Group and serves on the firm's Responsibility Steering Committee. She rejoined the firm in 2019. In her previous role at AB, Baldwin was a research analyst, covering telecom, industrials and utilities for the Emerging Markets Value Equities team as well as telecom and cable for the US Large Cap Value Equities team. Before rejoining the firm, she was an analyst covering global emerging market equities at Schafer Cullen Capital Management. Prior to attending business school, Baldwin worked in M&A advisory and private equity investing at Greenhill & Co. She holds a BS (summa cum laude) in Economics from the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania, a BA (summa cum laude) in international and German studies from the University of Pennsylvania, and an MBA from Harvard Business School. Location: New York

Vivian Lubrano is a Portfolio Manager for Portfolios with Purpose on the Equities team. She joined AB in 2008, focusing on emerging markets. Lubrano has covered stocks across various industries, including financials, consumer cyclicals, consumer staples, agriculture, construction and construction materials. Previously, she worked in investment banking at Merrill Lynch. Lubrano holds a BS in operations research and industrial engineering from Cornell University and an MBA from the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania. Location: New York

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AllianceBernstein (AB) is a leading global investment management firm that offers high-quality research and diversified investment services to institutional investors, individuals, and private wealth clients in major world markets. We believe corporate responsibility, responsible investing and stewardship are intertwined. To be effective stewards of our clients’ assets, we strive to invest responsibly—assessing, engaging on and integrating material issues, including environmental, social and governance (ESG), and climate change considerations in most of our actively managed strategies. We also believe that strive to hold ourselves as a firm to similar practices that we ask of issues. Our stewardship practices, investment strategy and decision-making are guided by our purpose, mission and values.

Our purpose—pursue insight that unlocks opportunity—inspires our firm to act responsibly. While opportunity means something different to each of our stakeholders; it always means considering the unique goals of each stakeholder. AB’s mission is to help our clients define and achieve their investment goals, explicitly stating what we do to unlock opportunity for our clients. We became a signatory to the Principles for Responsible Investment (PRI) in 2011. This began our journey to formalize our commitment to identify responsible ways to unlock opportunities for our clients through integrating material ESG factors throughout most of our actively managed equity and fixed-income client accounts, funds and strategies. AB also engages issuers where it believes the engagement is in the best financial interest of its clients.

Because we are an active manager, our differentiated insights drive our ability to deliver alpha and design innovative investment solutions. ESG and climate issues are important elements in forming insights and in presenting potential risks and opportunities that can have an effect on the performance of the companies and issuers that we invest in and the portfolios that we build.

Our values provide a framework for the behaviors and actions that deliver on our purpose and mission. Values align our actions. Each value emerges from the firm’s collective character—yet is also aspirational.

  • Invest in One Another means that we have a strong organizational culture where diversity is celebrated and mentorship is critical to our success. When we invest in one another, we empower our employees to reach their potential, so that they can help our clients realize theirs. This enables us to partner with clients to design and deliver improved investment outcomes.
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As of September 30, 2023, AB had $669B in assets under management, $458B of which were ESG-integrated. Additional information about AB may be found on our website,

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