Measuring Green Growth: Global Sustainable Competitiveness Index 2021
Scandinavia tops the 2021 Index, US #30, China #33
Submitted by SolAbility
The Global Sustainable Competitiveness Index (GSCI), published since 2012, is the most comprehensive measurement of national development and green growth. The GSCI is calculated based on present and past performance in 131 quantitative indicators derived from recognized international organisations (UN, World Bank, IMF), grouped into 5 pillars: Natural Capital, Resource Intensity, Social Capital, Intellectual Capital, and Governance Efficiency.
Key insights from the 2021 Index include:
Scandinavia continues to top the ranking: Sweden is leading the Sustainable Competitiveness Index, followed by all other Scandinavian nations.
Only two countries in the Top 20 are not European: – Japan on 13, and New Zealand (14). South Korea follows on 21.
The USA is ranked 30, ranking particularly low in resource efficiency and social capital – potentially further undermining the global status of the US in the future
China is ranked 33 – very strong in Intellectual Capital, but low on Natural Capital and Resource Intensity
Germany ranks 8, the UK 17. Brazil is 49, Russia 51, and India 130.
Some of the least developed nations have a considerable higher GSCI ranking than their GDP would suggest (e.g. Nepal, Guyana, Laos, Belize, …)
Asian nations (South Korea, Japan, Singapore, and China) lead the Intellectual Capital Index – the basis of innovation. However, achieving sustained prosperity is potentially compromised by Natural Capital constraints and increasing resource consumption.
The Social Capital Index ranking is headed by Northern European (Scandinavian) countries, the result of economic growth combined with a widely accepted social consensus.
The leading nation’s (Sweden) sustainable competitiveness score is 62 of a possible 100; the global average is 45: the World is far from being sustainable competitive
The Sustainable Competitiveness Model
The GSCI is based on the sustainable competitiveness model. The GSCI is calculated based on present and past performance in 131 quantitative indicators derived from recognized international organisations (UN, World Bank, IMF):
Laos leads the Natural Capital Index, followed by Colombia, Paraguay, and Bolivia
Malawi has the lowest resource intensity, followed by Kenya and El Salvador
Iceland leads the Social Capital Index, followed by Norway and Sweden
South Korea tops the Intellectual Capital Index, followed by China and Singapore
Estonia tops the Governance Efficiency Index, followed by Ireland
The highest sustainable competitiveness score achieved in 2021 is 62, the global average Sustainable Competitiveness is 45: we are still far from a truly sustainable & competitive World.
A small majority of 53% of developments world-wide show positive trends, indicating that we can expect small, positive improvements in the future. However, a majority of developments in Natural Capital are deteriorating: unfortunately, we have to expect a further decline in the natural environment.