Submitted by Bayer
Agriculture is taking two complementary approaches to address climate change: reducing carbon emissions and pulling carbon out of the atmosphere and into the soil where it benefits crops and entire ecosystems.
Carbon Farming to Address a Changing Climate
Carbon is an often misunderstood protagonist in agriculture and climate science. Consider the carbon atom: six protons and six neutrons, surrounded by six orbiting electrons.
Without it, life as we know it doesn’t exist. In fact, the term “carbon-based lifeform” is used to describe anything in the universe that approximates what we consider to be “alive.” Together with hydrogen and oxygen, carbon is one of the literal building blocks of all life on Earth—including crops and the countless people who rely on them.
Farming and climate change
Every aspect of our climate—including temperature, sunlight, rain, and wind—is important to agriculture. Conversely, agriculture is increasingly important for our climate. As civilization has evolved, we have developed a more nuanced understanding of how carbon contributes to climate change, as well as the roles that fossil fuels, deforestation and tillage play in the carbon cycle.
In agriculture, plants convert carbon dioxide into oxygen and energy molecules called carbohydrates. This process contributes to the air we breathe and the food we eat. In climate science, carbon affects global temperatures, soil salinity, ocean levels, weather patterns, and more.
As our understanding of farming, carbon, and the climate has deepened, agricultural scientists have incorporated new knowledge and insights that enable farmers to reduce carbon emissions, thrive in the face of climate change and even mitigate its effects.
Agricultural innovation and environmental stewardship enrich one another. As one of the best examples, The Climate FieldView™ digital farming platform is empowering farmers around the world to cultivate their crops while reducing the impact on our planet. By harnessing data gathered from satellites, in-field sensors, and smart combines, the Climate FieldView™ app uses historic insight and predictive analytics to help farmers connect more intimately with their fields, so they can identify and address problems before they take hold. In addition to helping farmers accomplish more with fewer resources, it also helps to reduce carbon emissions by maximizing efficiencies. Coupled with digital sensors that monitor the soil’s composition, farmers can actively track their progress in sequestering carbon in their fields to support more productive crops and a healthier planet.
The Path to Net-zero Carbon Emissions Starts on the Farm
The emissions produced by farming come partially from tilling the soil and burning fossil fuels to run equipment. Every time a tractor travels across a field, it generates emissions. That’s why crop scientists and data engineers have developed tools like smart GPS and techniques such as precision agriculture to help farmers reduce fuel consumption. Practices such as no-till farming are also exceedingly beneficial in reducing emissions because they keep carbon in the soil where it actually benefits the plants and microorganisms that need carbon to thrive.
Innovations in agriculture are transforming farms to not only reduce their emissions, but also pull carbon out of the atmosphere. This is the insight behind Bayer’s Carbon Program in the US, which enables and incentivizes farmers to adopt climate-smart practices that capture and store carbon in their fields. Similar programs are now live in Brazil, and select European countries. By simultaneously prioritizing soil health, farmers’ livelihoods and our climate, this global initiative is laying strong foundations for a net-zero carbon emissions future. That’s good for growers, consumers and our planet.
Closing in on carbon literacy
As the building block of life, carbon itself is not inherently problematic—rather, it’s the imbalance of carbon in our atmosphere that causes widespread climate challenges. Through agriculture, today’s brightest minds are finding ways to correct that imbalance to support our climate now and well into the future. By driving unprecedented breakthroughs in data science, farmer incentives, and climate-smart agricultural practices, modern agriculture is helping growers improve their operations while reducing their impact on the climate. The impact of these innovations is immense, not only in helping ensure global food security, but also the overall and ongoing health of the planet we all share.
Bayer: Science For A Better Life
Bayer is a global enterprise with core competencies in the Life Science fields of health care and agriculture. Its products and services are designed to benefit people and improve their quality of life. At the same time, the Group aims to create value through innovation, growth and high earning power. Bayer is committed to the principles of sustainable development and to its social and ethical responsibilities as a corporate citizen. In fiscal 2015, the Group employed around 117,000 people and had sales of EUR 46.3 billion. Capital expenditures amounted to EUR 2.6 billion, R&D expenses to EUR 4.3billion. These figures include those for the high-tech polymers business, which was floated on the stock market as an independent company named Covestro on October 6, 2015. For more information, go to www.bayer.com.
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