Business & Human Rights Resource Centre Launches World's First Online Portal Profiling Human Rights Lawsuits Against Companies
Submitted by Business & Human Rights Resource Centre
LONDON. - October 29, 2008 - Today the non-profit Business & Human Rights Resource Centre launches a free online portal "“ the first to bring together and demystify lawsuits from across the world alleging human rights abuses by companies. The portal summarises in non-legal language over 35 cases and the positions of each side, with more cases to be added soon. It also presents special commentaries by experts.
Mary Robinson, former United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and President of Ireland, said: "The Resource Centre's portal is a unique tool for advocates, victims of abuses, NGOs, business people and others."
CASES PROFILED include:
AngloGold Ashanti: sued in South Africa over miners suffering from silicosis
BHP Billiton: sued in Australia and Papua New Guinea over pollution by its mine in Papua New Guinea
Chevron/Texaco: sued in Ecuador, alleging extensive pollution damaging environment and health
Dow/Union Carbide: sued in India and US following the industrial disaster in Bhopal
ExxonMobil: sued in US over alleged complicity in abuses by Indonesian security forces in Aceh
Severstal: sued in Russia for severe pollution by its steel plant; government failed to provide the court-ordered relief; local residents took Russian Government to European Court of Human Rights and won
Shell: sued in US over alleged complicity in killings of Ken Saro-Wiwa and 8 other Ogoni activists in Nigeria
Trafigura: legal action in UK, France, Netherlands & Cote d'Ivoire regarding dumping of toxic waste by a ship in CÃ´te d'Ivoire, allegedly leading to 17 deaths and the illness of hundreds
Yahoo!: sued in US for handing information to Chinese officials; led to detention & alleged torture of dissidents
Most of these cases are pending; some are finished or settled "“ the profiles indicate the current status of each.
Companies in other profiled lawsuits include: Barclays, Biwater, Blackwater, BP, Cambior, Cape PLC, Chiquita, Coca-Cola, Daimler, Deutsche Bank, Drummond, DynCorp, Firestone, Ford, Freeport-McMoRan, IBM, Mitsubishi, Nike, Occidental, Rio Tinto, Standard Chartered, Talisman, Total, UBS, Wal-Mart.
COMMENTARIES:The portal includes brief, personal commentaries about corporate legal accountability for human rights "“ citing progress made in various countries, and challenges that remain. The commentaries were specially written for the portal by leading practitioners and experts "“ including some who have brought lawsuits against companies, and others whose clients are companies.
Michael Smyth, Head of Public Policy at Clifford Chance (UK), remarks in his commentary: "There was a time when business lawyers did not need to know a great deal about human rights law. That is no longer the case"¦This is now a key boardroom issue"¦Businesses can sustain major reputational damage where they are associated with infringements of human rights."
Terry Collingsworth, a lawyer who has sued multinationals in US courts alleging their involvement in human rights abuses overseas, comments: "With a few positive examples of using the Alien Tort Claims Act to hold companies accountable for human rights violations in the global economy"¦other companies will be deterred from violating human rights out of a fear of substantial legal liability."
Other commentaries are written by:
Mary Robinson, President, Realizing Rights: The Ethical Globalization Initiative
Argentina: Rodolfo Yanzon, Argentinean Human Rights League Foundation
Denmark: Sune Thorsen, lawyer, Global CSR
Hong Kong: Geoffrey Crothall, China Labour Bulletin
Mexico: Astrid Puentes, Interamerican Association for Environmental Defense
Netherlands: Law professor Menno Kamminga, Maastricht University
Norway: Legal expert Mark Taylor, Fafo
South Africa: South African Human Rights Commission. Lawyer Charles Abrahams.
Switzerland: Carlos Lopez, International Commission of Jurists
UK: Lawyer Martyn Day, Leigh Day
USA: Lawyers involved in lawsuits against companies, including Jennifer Green, Michael Hausfeld, Paul Hoffman. Law professors Anita Ramasastry and Beth Stephens.
When asked why this portal was developed, Christopher Avery, Director of the Business & Human Rights Resource Centre, explained: "These precedent-setting cases are so important that they need to be understood by more than legal insiders. We developed this portal because victims, human rights advocates, business people, journalists, shareholders, lawyers, law professors and others told us that they wanted accessible information about these lawsuits. As for the commentaries, they provide remarkable insight into the thinking of leading experts, many of whom have worked on the profiled cases."
Our Corporate Legal Accountability Project is made possible by a grant from JEHT Foundation.
The Business & Human Rights Resource Centre tracks the human rights impacts (positive & negative) of 4000 companies in over 180 countries. Issues include discrimination, labour rights, security & conflict zones, killings, torture, displacement, environmental abuses affecting human health, access to medicines, poverty and development. The site is updated hourly and receives 1.5 million hits per month.
Our researchers, 7 of whom are lawyers or legally-trained, are based in Hong Kong, India, South Africa, UK, Ukraine and USA "“ soon also Senegal. Mary Robinson chairs our 80-member International Advisory Network. Our 20 Academic Partners include leading institutes associated with law schools in Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America and North America.
For further information about the Resource Centre, see the "About us" section of our site.
SUPPORT THE RESOURCE CENTRE: Please consider making an online donation to help us continue to provide these resources for free.
Business & Human Rights Resource Centre
Business & Human Rights Resource Centre
The Resource Centre is an independent non-profit that promotes greater awareness and informed debate about human rights issues relating to business. Our website is updated hourly with news and reports about companies’ social and environmental impacts worldwide, including alleged abuses, positive steps, and company responses to concerns raised about their conduct. The site has sections on over 4000 companies. It also includes special resources such as all materials issued by the UN Special Representative on business & human rights; a list of companies with human rights policies; profiles of lawsuits against companies. Mary Robinson is Chair of our International Advisory Network. Visit the website for further details and to sign up for free Weekly Updates.
See website for contact details of our New York office and team members in Hong Kong, India, South Africa, UK, Ukraine, USA